medieval

ScARF Downloads

The following files are referenced throughout the text of the panel report, but are also available to download from this page. 

ScARF Medieval site list  download the .csv (9 kb)
 Distribution map of sites mentioned in the text  download the .pdf  (1.43MB)
 Distribution map of sites mentioned in the text (inset)  download the .pdf  (1.01MB)

Research commissoned during panel deliberations, compiled by Dr Sarah Thomas
Mediaeval Archaeology in Scotland from 1985 to 2007 Commissoned during panel deliberations and written by Dr Sarah Thomas. Please note that this was compiled before themes were finalised and so the themes used differ slightly from those in the final panel report.  download the .pdf (2.16MB)
medarch.csv

This file is currently unavailable as of the 19th December 2016. We hope to resolve the issue shortly. Apologies.

This is the data used by Sarah Thomas for discussion in the above report. Originally a database, but available here as a spreadsheet as it was originally only one table in the database and had no related data.

 download the .csv (698KB)
Medieval database structure.pdf Information on reconstructing the database using the medievalperiod and medievaltextsearch files.  download the .pdf  (53KB)
medievaltextsearch.csv Second of two tables needed to reconstruct another one of Sarah Thomas's databases. Import as comma delimited, first row contains field name, text qualifier is "   download the .csv (8MB)
medievalperiod.csv First of two tables needed to reconstruct another onof Sarah Thomas's databases. Import as comma delimited, first row contains field names.   download the .csv (26KB)

 

4.5.2 Relics

Museums and other public and private collections today include many relics associated with people and events that reinforce  the continuing importance placed on commemoration and the need to identify objects which encapsulate or recall those things and people that our society holds dear. in medieval times some relics were little more than souvenirs, like the pieces of porphyry brought back by pilgrims from churches in Rome. Others had added importance for their curative or amuletic qualities, like the Coigrich or crosier shrine of St Fillan. The hog-backed crystal that decorates it was dipped in water which was then considered to be efficacious in curing diseased cattle (Glenn 2003, 110-11). St Margaret’s sark was worn by later Scottish queens during child birth to ensure safe births (Dunlop 2005, 92).

Other relics had an important ceremonial role, especially saintly ones preserved and venerated in churches. In Scotland there was a tradition of saintly relics being given into the care of hereditary keepers who were provided with land in return for looking after and providing a service with their relic. This might be leading contingents of men to war, as with the keepers of St Moluag’s crosier on the island of Lismore, and the keepers of the Brecbennach, a battle standard associated with Arbroath Abbey (Caldwell 2002, 270-74). Weapons in particular were often believed to have belonged to famous ancestors and heroes of the past, and were marked or decorated accordingly. In the early 16th century King James IV of Scotland had a sword which was allegedly William Wallace’s (Caldwell 2007, 170).