BIBLIOGRAPHY OF WORKS CITED

Projects online (accessed 3 August 2017)

Online resources (accessed 3 August 2017)

Publications cited

Jump to: A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|V|W|

A

Back to top

ALCOCK, E., 1988. Pictish symbol stones Class I: where and how? Glasgow Archaeological Journal, 15, pp. 1–21.

ALCOCK, L., 1993a. Image and icon in Pictish sculpture. In: R.M. SPEARMAN and J. HIGGITT, eds, The Age of Migrating Ideas. Early Medieval Art in Northern Britain and Ireland. Stroud: National Museums of Scotland/Alan Sutton Publishing, pp. 230–236.

ALEXANDER, J.S., 2007. The introduction and use of masons' marks in Romanesque buildings in England. Medieval Archaeology, 51, pp. 63–81.

ALLEN, J.R., 1882. Notes on some undescribed stones with cup-markings in Scotland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 16 (1881–2), pp. 79–143.

ALLEN, J.R., 1888. A museum for Christian archaeology for Great Britain. The Archaeological Review, 1, pp. 191–196.

ALLEN, J.R., 1895. On the pressing need of a museum to contain a collection of casts, models, and photographs, illustrative of early art and architecture in Great Britain. Archaeologia Oxiensis, I–VI(II), pp. 75–89.

ALLEN, J.R., 1901. The Early Christian monuments of Iona; with some suggestions for their better preservation. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 35 (1900–01), pp. 79–93.

ALLEN, J.R. and ANDERSON, J., 1903 (rep. 1993). The Early Christian Monuments of Scotland. Edinburgh (repr. Balgavies): Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (repr. The Pinkfoot Press).

AL-SADIE, A., 2016. Falkland Palace stonework. History Scotland, 16(3), pp. 38–38.

ANCIENT MONUMENTS BOARD FOR WALES, 2001. Protecting Early Medieval Inscribed Stones and Stone Sculpture. Cardiff: Cadw.

ANDERSON, J., 1881a. Scotland in Early Christian Times (Second Series). The Rhind Lectures in Archaeology for 1880. Edinburgh: David Douglas.

ANDERSON, J., 1900. Description of a collection of objects found in excavations at St Blane's Church, Bute, exhibited by the Marquis of Bute. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 34 (1899–1900), pp. 307–325.

ANDERSON, J.R., 1883. Scotland in Pagan Times. The Iron Age. Edinburgh: D Douglas.

AOC ARCHAEOLOGY GROUP, 2014. Ormaig Prehistoric Rock Art, Argyll: Archaeological Survey. Unpublished report.

AOC ARCHAEOLOGY GROUP, 2015. Ballochmyle Prehistoric Rock Art: Archaeological Survey. Unpublished report.

APPADURAI, A., ed, 1986 (repr 2010). The Social Life of Things. Commodities in Cultural Perspective. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

ASCHERSON, N., 2002. Stone Voices: The Search for Scotland. London: Granta.

ASH, M., 1980. The Strange Death of Scottish History. Edinburgh: Ramsay Head Press.

ASHLEY, T., 2011. Edinburgh’s graveyards in 19th century guide books: A history of perception. Unpublished report for The World Monument Fund in Britain.

ASHURST, J. and DIMES, F.G., eds, 1990. Conservation of Building and Decorative Stone Vol 1. London: Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd.

AUSTRALIA ICOMOS, 2013. The Burra Charter: The Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance. Available at http://australia.icomos.org/wp-content/uploads/The-Burra-Charter-2013-Adopted-31.10.2013.pdf. Burwood: Australia ICOMOS.

B

Back to top

BAKER, M., 1991. "Proper ornaments for a library or grotto": London sculptors and their Scottish patrons in the eighteenth century. In: F. PEARSON, ed, Virtue and Vision: Scotland and Sculpture 1540–1990. Edinburgh: National Galleries of Scotland, pp. 45–63.

BALDWIN BROWN, G., 1905. The Care of Ancient Monuments. An Account of the Legislative and other Measures adopted in European Countries for Protecting Ancient Monuments and Objects and Scenes of Natural Beauty, and for Preserving the Aspect of Historical Cities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

BARKAN, E. and BUSH, R., eds, 2002. Claiming the Stones/naming the Bones: Cultural Property and the Negotiation of National and Ethnic Identity. Available at http://www.getty.edu/publications/virtuallibrary/0892366737.html?imprint=gtrs. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute.

BARNES, J., In prep. Of warriors and beasts: Viking Age interactions between the Kingdoms of Strathclyde and Northumbria. PhD edn. University of Glasgow.

BARNES, M., 1994. The Runic Inscriptions of Maeshowe, Orkney. Uppsala: Department of Scandinavian Languages, Uppsala University.

BARNES, M.P. and PAGE, R.I., 2006. The Scandinavian Runic Inscriptions of Britain. Uppsala: Department of Scandinavian Languages, Uppsala University.

BARNETT, T. and SHARPE, K., eds, 2010. Carving a Future for British Rock Art. New Directions for Research, Management and Presentation. Oxford and Oakville: Oxbow Books.

BATH, M. and WILLSHER, B., 1996. Emblems from Quarles on Scottish gravestones. In: A. ADAMS and L. GOVE, eds, Emblems and Art History: 9 Essays, vol. 1. Glasgow: Glasgow Emblem Studies, pp. 169–201.

BECKENSALL, S., 1999. British Prehistoric Rock Art. Stroud: Tempus.

BELL, G., 2002. The management challenges of caring for graveyards: issues of health and safety. In: A. DAKIN, ed, Conservation of Historic Graveyards. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland, pp. 29–32.

BELL, G.T., 1993. Monuments to the Fallen: Scottish War Memorials of the Great War. PhD edn. University of Strathclyde.

BENTKOWSKA-KAFEL, A., DENARD, H. and BAKER, D., 2012. Paradata and Transparency in Virtual Heritage. Farnham: Ashgate.

BERTILSSON, U. and MCDERMOTT, L., eds, 2004. The Future of Rock Art—A World Review. Stockholm: Rapport från Riksantikvarieämbetet 2004:7.

BEVERIDGE, E., 1893. The Churchyard Memorials of Crail. Containing a Full Description of the Epitaphs Anterior to 1800: Together With Some Account of the Other Antiquities of the Burgh. repr. 2010 edn. privately printed (repr. British Library/Amazon).

BILLINGS, R.W., 1845–52. Baronial and Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Scotland, 4 vols. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons.

BJELLAND, T. and HELLBERG, B.H., 2005. Bergkunst. En veiledning i dokumentasjon, skjøtsel, tilrettelegging og overvåking av norsk bergkunst. Available at http://www.spatial.baltic.net/_files/Handbook_Preservation.pdf. Norsk Faggruppe for Bergkunstkonservering.

BLACK, W.G., 1928. The Scots Mercat 'Cross': An Inquiry as to its History and Meaning. Glasgow and Edinburgh: William Hodge and Co Ltd.

BLACKIE, T. and MACAULAY, C., 1998. The Sculptured Stones of Caithness: A Survey. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press.

BLINDHEIM, M., 1985. Graffiti in Norwegian Stave Churches, c. 1150–c.1350. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.

BOYES, N., 1999. Stone conservation within Historic Scotland from 1954 to the present day. In: M.S. JONES and R.D. WAKEFIELD, eds, Aspects of Stone Weathering, Decay and Conservation. Proceedings of the 1997 Stone Weathering and Atmospheric Pollution Network Conference (SWAPNET'97). London: Imperial College Press, pp. 170–178.

BRADLEY, R., 1997a. Rock Art and the Prehistory of Atlantic Europe. London and New York: Routledge.

BRADLEY, R., 2009 (repr 2010). Image and Audience. Rethinking Prehistoric Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

BRADLEY, R., WATSON, A. and ANDERSON-WHYMARK, H., 2012. Excavations at four prehistoric rock carvings on the Ben Lawers Estate, 2007–2010. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 142, pp. 27–61.

BREEZE, D., 2000. Artefacts and monuments: the building blocks of identity. In: J.M. FLADMARK, ed, Heritage & Museums. Shaping National Identity. Shaftesbury: Donhead, pp. 183–189.

BREEZE, D.J., 2006. The Antonine Wall. Edinburgh: John Donald.

BROWN, I.G., 1991. David Hume's tomb: A Roman mausoleum by Robert Adam. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 121, pp. 321–422.

BROWN, M., 2012. Scotland's Lost Gardens: From the Garden of Eden to the Stewart Palaces. Edinburgh: RCAHMS.

BRYAN, P., 2015. Experience and practical insights: 3D laser scanning for heritage. Available at http://www.geoinformatics.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/GEO815DIGI.pdf. GeoInformatics, 18(8), pp. 10–13.

BRYCE, I.B.D. and ROBERTS, A., 1993. Post-Reformation Catholic houses of north-east Scotland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 123, pp. 363–372.

BRYCE, T. and CALDWELL, D.H., 1981. Scottish medieval sculpture—the making of reproductions and their uses. Museums Journal, 81(2), pp. 67–70.

BRYDALL, R., 1895. Monumental effigies of Scotland from the thirteenth to the fifteenth century. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 29 (1894–5), pp. 329–410.

BUCKHAM, S., 2002. The Carved Stones Adviser Project: new initiatives in the recording and conservation of historic graveyards. In: A. DAKIN, ed, Conservation of Historic Graveyards. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland, pp. 59–67.

BUCKHAM, S., 2006. Analysis of the Carved Stones Adviser Project Graveyard Recording Forms. Final Report April 2006, unpublished report for Council for Scottish Archaeology, Edinburgh.

BUCKHAM, S., 2011. 'Not architects of decay': the influence of cemetery management on cemetery landscapes. Context, March, pp. 32–34.

BUCKHAM, S., 2013a. The Edinburgh Graveyards Project. A Scoping Study to Identify Strategic Priorities for the Future Care and Enjoyment of Five Burial Grounds in the Heart of the Edinburgh World Heritage Site. Available at http://www.wmf.org/sites/default/files/wmf_publication/Edinburgh%20Graveyards%20Project.pdf. New York: World Monuments Fund.

BUCKHAM, S., 2015a. Graveyards. In: CULTURE & SPORT GLASGOW (MUSEUMS), ed, Exploring our Past. Essays on the Local History and Archaeology of West Central Scotland. Available at http://www.glasgowlife.org.uk/museums/about-glasgow-museums/publications/online-publications/Documents/H_Graveyards.pdf. Glasgow: Glasgow Museums, pp. 207–216.

BUCKHAM, S., 2015b. Govan Old Churchyard Conservation Management Plan. Unpublished report edn. Glasgow: Friends of Govan Old.

BUCKHAM, S., 2016. 'Not architects of decay': the influence of graveyard management on Scottish burial landscapes. In: S. BUCKHAM, P.C. JUPP and J. RUGG, eds, Death in Modern Scotland, 1855–1955 Beliefs, Attitudes and Practices. Studies in the History and Culture of Scotland—Volume 6. Oxford: Peter Lang, pp. 215–240.

BUCKHAM, S. and DAKIN, A., 2007. Scotland's Historic Graveyards Project Audience Development Plan, unpublished report for Archaeology Scotland.

BUCKHAM, S. and FISHER, F., 2013. Conservation Strategy for Historic Graveyards in the Clyde and Avon Valley Landscape. Unpublished report for the Clyde and Avon Valley Landscape Partnership.

BUCKHAM, S., JUPP, P.C. and RUGG, J., eds, 2016. Death in Modern Scotland, 1855–1955 Beliefs, Attitudes and Practices. Studies in the History and Culture of Scotland—Volume 6. Oxford: Peter Lang.

BUSHNELL, J., 1990. Moscow Graffiti: Language and Subculture. Boston: Unwin Hyman.

BUSSET, A., In prep. Early medieval carved stones from Ireland, Scotland and Scandinavia: A comparative study through place, movement, memory and identity. PhD edn. University of Glasgow.

BYATT, M., 2008. Carved Stones from Kinneddar (Drainie) and Burghead. A Catalogue of the Pictish Stones in the Collections of the Elgin Museum. Elgin: The Moray Society.

BYRNE, D., BRAYSHAW, H. and IRELAND, T., 2003. Social Significance: A Discussion Paper. Available at http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/cultureheritage/SocialSignificance.pdf. 2nd edn. Hurstville: New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service.

BYRNE, F.J., 2008. The inscriptions in the main passage tomb at Knowth. In: F.J. BYRNE, W. JENKINS, G. KENNY and C. SWIFT, eds, Excavations at Knowth 4: Historical Knowth and its Hinterland. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, pp. 89–119.

C

Back to top

CALDER, A., 2004. The Scottish National War Memorial. In: W. KIDD and B. MURDOCH, eds, Memory and Memorials: The Commemorative Century. Aldershot: Ashgate, pp. 61–74.

CALDWELL, D., KIRK, S., HOWARD, S. and RUCKLEY, N., 2015. Oronsay's sculptural heritage. History Scotland, 15(5), pp. 25–28.

CALDWELL, D.H., MCGIBBON, F.M., MILLER, S. and RUCKLEY, N.A., 2010. The image of a Celtic society: medieval West Highland sculpture. In: P. O'NEILL, ed, Celts in Legend and Reality. Sydney: Papers from the Sixth Australian Conference of Celtic Studies. Sydney Series in Celtic Studies 9. Sydney: University of Sydney, pp. 13–59.

CAMERON, F., 2007. Beyond the cult of the replicant: museums and historical digital objects—traditional concerns, new discourses. In: F. CAMERON and S. KENDERDINE, eds, Theorizing Digital Cultural Heritage. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, pp. 49–75.

CAMERON, F. and KENDERDINE, S., eds, 2007. Theorizing Digital Cultural Heritage. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

CAMPBELL, E., forthcoming. Peripheral Vision: Scotland in Early Medieval Europe. In: A. BLACKWELL, ed, Scotland in Early Medieval Europe.

CAPWELL, T.E., 2005. Observations on the armour depicted on three mid-15th-century military effigies in the Kirk of St. Nicholas, Aberdeen. Journal of the Armour Research Society, 1, pp. 5–22.

CARLUKE PARISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 2005. The Forest Kirk and its Graveyard: Stories behind the Stones. Carluke: Carluke Parish Historical Society.

CARTER MCKEE, K., 2013. Burns and the British Empire: viewing a Scottish monument from an imperial perspective. Architectural Heritage, 24, pp. 21–39.

CARTY, A., 2005. Three-dimensional recording of Pictish sculpture. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 367–374.

CARVER, M.O.H., 2005. Sculpture in action: contexts for stone carving on the Tarbat peninsula, Easter Ross. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 13–53.

CARVER, M., GARNER-LAHIRE, J. and SPALL, C., forthcoming. Portmahomack on Tarbat Ness. Changing Ideologies in North-East Scotland, Sixth to Sixteenth Century AD. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

CASSAR, M., 2009. Sustainable heritage: challenges and strategies for the twenty-first century. Journal of Preservation Technology, 40(1), pp. 3–11.

CASSIDY, B., ed, 1992. The Ruthwell Cross. Papers from the Colloquium Sponsored by the Index of Christian Art. Princeton University, 8 December 1989. Index of Christian Art, Occasional Papers 1. Princeton: Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, University of Princeton.

CHAMPION, M., 2015. Medieval Graffiti The Lost Voices of England's Churches. London: Ebury Press.

CHARLES-EDWARDS, G., 2004. A reconsideration of the origins on the early Insular monumental lettering of a mixed alphabet type: the case of the 'Lapis Echodi' inscription on Iona. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 134, pp. 173–181.

CLARK, K., 2001. Informed Conservation. Understanding Historic Buildings and their Landscapes for Conservation. London: English Heritage.

CLARK, K., 2010. Values in cultural resource management. In: G.S. SMITH, P.M. MESSENGER and H. SODERLAND, eds, Heritage Values in Contemporary Society. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press, pp. 89–99.

CLARKE, D.V., 2007. Reading the multiple lives of Pictish symbol stones. Medieval Archaeology, 51, pp. 19–39.

CLARKE, D.V., BLACKWELL, A. and GOLDBERG, M., 2012. Early Medieval Scotland. Individuals, Communities and Ideas. Edinburgh: National Museums Scotland.

CLIFFORD, T., 1991. Introduction. In: F. PEARSON, ed, Virtue and Vision: Scotland and Sculpture 1540–1990. Edinburgh: National Galleries of Scotland, pp. 9–25.

COLEMAN, J.J., 2014. Remembering the Past in Nineteenth-Century Scotland. Commemoration, Nationality and Memory. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

COLLINGWOOD, R.G. and WRIGHT, R.B., 1965. The Roman Inscriptions of Britain. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

CRAIG, D.J., 1993. The distribution of pre-Norman sculpture in south-west Scotland: provenance, ornament, and regional groups. PhD edn. University of Durham.

CRAIG, D., 1994. The early medieval sculpture of the Glasgow area. In: A. RITCHIE, ed, Govan and its Early Medieval Sculpture. Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing Ltd, pp. 73–91.

CRAWFORD, B.E., 2005. The Govan Hogbacks and the Multi-Cultural Society of Tenth-Century Scotland. Glasgow: Friends of Govan Old.

CRUIKSHANK, J., 1941. Logan's Collections [important nineteenth-century record of funeral monuments in and around Aberdeen]. Aberdeen: Spalding Club.

CURLE, C.L., 1940. The chronology of the early Christian monuments of Scotland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 74 (1939–40), pp. 60–116.

CURLE, C.L., 1962. Some little known Early Christian monuments in the west of Scotland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 95 (1961–2), pp. 223–226.

CURRIE, A., 1830. A Description of the Antiquities and Scenery of the Parish of North Knapdale. Glasgow: W.R. M'Phun.

CUTMORE, C., 1996. Memorial stones in the kirkyard at Govan: a study of the early modern monuments and the interplay with the re-used early medieval “Govan Stones”. MA edn. Department of Archaeology, University of Glasgow.

D

Back to top

DAKIN, A., 2002. Conservation of Historic Graveyards. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.

DALGLISH, C. and DRISCOLL, S.T., 2009. Historic Govan. Archaeology and Development. York: Council for British Archaeology.

DARVILL, T. and FERNANDES, A.P.B., eds, 2014a. Open-air Rock-art Conservation and Management. State of the Art and Future Perspectives. New York and London: Routledge.

DARWOOD, A. and MARTIN, P., 2005. Milestones of Fife. Not stated: East Neuk Preservation Society.

DAVIDSON, F., 1977. Seventeenth Century Tombstones of Angus and the Mearns: An Inventory, Not stated: Angus District Council Libraries & Museums.

DE LA TORRE, M., 2002. Assessing the Values of Cultural Heritage: Research Report. Online at http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/assessing.pdf. Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute.

DE LA TORRE, M., ed, 2005. Heritage Values in Site Management. Four Case Studies. Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute.

DOEHNE, E. and PRICE, C.A., 2010. Stone Conservation. An Overview of Current Research. Available at http://www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/9781783263431. 2nd edn. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute.

DOLAN, B., 2013. “Mysterious waifs of time”: some thoughts on the functions of Irish bullaun stones. Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, 142–3 (2012–13), pp. 42–58.

DONALDSON, G., 1987. The Dunbar Monument in its historical setting. In: EAST LOTHIAN ANTIQUARIAN & FIELD NATURALISTS' SOCIETY, ed, Dunbar Parish Church 1342–1987. Not stated: East Lothian Antiquarian & Field Naturalists' Society, pp. 1–16.

DOUGLAS-JONES, R., HUGHES, J.J., JONES, S. and YARROW, T., 2016. Science, value and material decay in the conservation of historic environments. Journal of Cultural Heritage.

DRANSART, P., 2001. Two shrine fragments from Kinnedar, Moray. In: M. REDKNAP, N. EDWARDS, S. YOUNGS, A. LANE and J. KNIGHT, eds, Pattern and Purpose in Insular Art. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Insular Art held at the National Museum & Gallery, Cardiff 3–6 September 1998. Oxford: Oxbow Books, pp. 235–240. 

DRANSART, P. and BOGDAN, N.Q., 2004. The material culture of resucancy at Fetternear: kin and religion in post-Reformation Scotland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 134, pp. 457–470.

DRISCOLL, S.T., 1988. Power and authority in Early Historic Scotland: Pictish symbol stones and other documents. In: J. GLEDHILL, B. BENDER and M.T. LARSEN, eds, State and Society. The Emergence and Development of Social Hierarchy and Political Centralization. One World Archaeology Series. London: Thomson Publishing Services, pp. 215–236.

DRISCOLL, S.T., 2000. Christian monumental sculpture and ethnic expression in early Scotland. In: W. FRAZER and A. TYRELL, eds, Social Identity in Early Medieval Britain and Ireland. Studies in the Early History of Britain Series. Leicester: Leicester University Press, pp. 233–252.

DRISCOLL, S.T., O'GRADY, O. and FORSYTH, K., 2005. The Govan School revisited: searching for meaning in the early medieval sculpture of Strathclyde. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 135–158.

DRUMMOND, J., 1861a. Scottish Market-crosses. Edinburgh.

DRUMMOND, J., 1861b. Notice of some stone crosses, with especial reference to the market crosses of Scotland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 4 (1860–61), pp. 86–115.

DRUMMOND, J., 1881. Sculptured Monuments in Iona & the Western Highlands. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

DUNBAR, J.G., 1999. Scottish Royal Palaces. The Architecture of the Royal Residences during the Late Medieval and Early Renaissance Periods. East Linton: Tuckwell Press Ltd/Historic Scotland.

E

Back to top

EDWARDS, N., 2007. A Corpus of Early Inscribed Stones and Stone Sculpture in Wales, Vol. 2 South-West Wales. Cardiff: University Wales Press.

EDWARDS, N., 2013. A Corpus of Early Inscribed Stones and Stone Sculpture in Wales Vol. 3 North Wales. Cardiff: University Wales Press.

EDWARDS, N. and HALL, M.A., 2005. Protecting carved stones in Scotland and Wales. Church Archaeology, 7–9 (2003–05), pp. 127–129.

EMERICK, K., 2014. Conserving and Managing Ancient Monuments. Heritage, Democracy and Inclusion. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press.

EMSSS WORKING GROUP, 2005d. Early Medieval Stone Sculptures of Scotland Working Group. Final report to NCCSS. Compiled by M.A. Hall. Available at http://www.carvedstones.scot/uploads/4/4/0/3/44032535/emss_final_report_24_nov_2005.pdf. Unpublished report edn.

ENGLISH HERITAGE, 2008-last update, Conservation Principles, Policies and Guidance. Available at http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/publications/conservation-principles-sustainable-management-historic-environment/ [Nov/04, 2014].

ENGLISH HERITAGE, 2011. Designation Listing Selection Guide: Commemorative Structures. Available at https://content.historicengland.org.uk/images-books/publications/dlsg-commemorative-structures/commemorative_structures_final.pdf/. London: English Heritage.

F

Back to top

FAITH IN COWAL, 2016-last update, Faith in Cowal. Available at http://www.faithincowal.org/ [Feb/8, 2016].

FARR, C., 1991. Worthy women on the Ruthwell Cross: woman as a sign in early Anglo-Saxon monasticism. In: C.E. KARKOV, M. RYAN and R.T. FARRELL, eds, The Insular Tradition. New York: Suny Press, pp. 45–62.

FARRELL, S., 2001. Fife gravestones: a personal view. Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal, 7, pp. 129–132.

FAWCETT, R., 2002. Scottish Medieval Churches. Architecture and Furnishings. Stroud: Tempus.

FAWCETT, R., 2011. The Architecture of the Scottish Medieval Church 1100–1560. New Haven and New York: Yale University Press.

FAWCETT, R., 2013. Aspects of Scottish canopied tomb design. In: M. PENMAN, ed, Monuments and Monumentality across Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Donhead: Shaun Tyas, pp. 129–142.

FERGUSON, L.M., 1999. Recording graveyards. In: RCAHMS, ed, Monuments on Record Annual Review 1998–9. Edinburgh: RCAHMS, pp. 47–49.

FERGUSON, L.M., 2002. Record-taking and record-keeping for graveyards. In: A. DAKIN, ed, Conservation of Historic Graveyards. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland, pp. 22–26.

FIFE COUNCIL 2006.  Milestones and Wayside Markers in East Fife – Progress Report, AGENDA ITEM NO.18, East Area Services Committee, 08.03.2006, unpublished report available online: publications.1fife.org.uk/uploadfiles/publications/c64_Item18-Milestonesreport.doc

FISHER, I., 2001. Early Medieval Sculpture in the West Highlands and Islands Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

FISHER, I., 2005. Christ's Cross down into the earth: some cross-bases and their problems. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 85–94.

FISHER, I. and GREENHILL, F.A., 1972. Two unrecorded carved stones at Tower of Lethendy, Perthshire. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 104 (1971–2), pp. 238–241.

FLEMING, J., 2001. Graffiti and the Writing Arts of Early Modern England. London: Reaktion Books.

FORSYTH, K., 1995a. The inscriptions on the Dupplin Cross. In: C. BOURKE, ed, From the Isles of the North. Belfast: HMSO, pp. 237–244.

FORSYTH, K., 1995b. The ogham-inscribed spindle-whorl from Buckquoy: evidence for the Irish language in pre-Viking Orkney? Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 125, pp. 677–696.

FORSYTH, K., 1997. Some thoughts on Pictish symbols as a formal writing system. In: D. HENRY, ed, The Worm, the Germ and the Thorn. Pictish and Related Studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press, pp. 85–98.

FORSYTH, K., 2003. Report on Early Medieval Carved Stones from Whithorn and vicinity in the Care of Historic Scotland, March (unpublished report to Historic Scotland).

FORSYTH, K., 2005. Hic memoria perpetua: the early inscribed stones of southern Scotland in context. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 113–134.

FORSYTH, K., 2009. The Latinus Stone: Whithorn's earliest Christian monument. In: J. MURRAY, ed, St Ninian and the Earliest Christianity in Scotland. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, pp. 19–41.

FORSYTH, K., 2011a. An ogham-inscribed slab from St Ninian's Isle, found in 1876. In: R. BARROWMAN, ed, The Chapel and Burial Ground on St Ninian's Isle, Shetland: Excavations Past and Present. The Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 32. Wakefield: Society for Medieval Archaeology, pp. 15–25.

FORSYTH, K., 2011b. A preliminary investigation into the scholarly potential of 3D digital documentation of Early Medieval sculpture, June 2011 (commissioned by the Centre for Digital Documentation and Visualization and Historic Scotland).

FORSYTH, K. and DRISCOLL, S.T., 2009. Symbols of power in Ireland and Scotland, 8th–10th century. Available at http://www.unioviedo.es/reunido/index.php/TSP/article/viewFile/9481/9290. In: F. CONDE and G. DE CASTRO VALDES, eds, Symposium Internacional Poder y Simbología en Europa, siglos VIII–X, Oviedo, Spain, 22–27 September 2008 (Territorio Sociedad y Poder: Revista de Estudios Medievales 2). Gijon (Asturias): Trea, S.L., Ediciones, pp. 31–66.

FORSYTH, K. and MALDONADO, A., 2012. Report on early medieval carved stones from Iona in the care of Historic Scotland, March 2012 (unpublished report to Historic Scotland).

FORSYTH, K. and MALDONADO, A., 2013. Report on early medieval carved stones from Kirkmadrine, Galloway in the care of Historic Scotland, March 2013 (unpublished report to Historic Scotland).

FORSYTH, K. and MALDONADO, A., In prep. New work on Iona's early medieval carved stones (paper presented to 7th International Insular Art Conference, Galway, July 2014).

FOSTER, S.M., ed, 1998a. The St Andrews Sarcophagus: A Pictish Masterpiece and its International Connections. Dublin: Four Courts Press.

FOSTER, S.M., 1998b. Discovery, recovery, context and display. In: S.M. FOSTER, ed, The St. Andrews Sarcophagus: A Pictish Masterpiece and its International Connections. Dublin: Four Courts Press, pp. 35–62.

FOSTER, S.M., 2001. Place, Space and Odyssey. Exploring the Future of Early Medieval Sculpture. Rosemarkie: Groam House Museum.

FOSTER, S.M., 2002a. Planning for early medieval sculpture. The recovery and recognition of sense, place and setting. In: L.M. GREEN and P.T. BIDWELL, eds, Heritage of the North Sea Region. Conservation and Interpretation. Donhead St Mary: Donhead, pp. 151–171.

FOSTER, S., 2002b. Carved stones policy—new developments. In: A. DAKIN, ed, Conservation of Historic Graveyards. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland, pp. 1–4.

FOSTER, S.M., 2005a. Know your properties, recognise the possibilities: Historic Scotland's strategy for the interpretation of early medieval sculpture in its care. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 315–323.

FOSTER, S.M., 2005b. Able Minds and Practised Hands: historical fact, 21st-century aspiration. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 1–12.

FOSTER, S.M., 2010a. The curatorial consequences of being moved, moveable or portable: the case of carved stones. Scottish Archaeological Journal, 32(1), pp. 15–28.

FOSTER, S.M., 2010b. Shaping up rock art in Scotland: past progress, future directions. In: T. BARNETT and K. SHARPE, eds, Carving a Future for British Rock Art. New Directions for Research, Management and Presentation. Oxford and Oakville: Oxbow Books, pp. 82–93.

FOSTER, S.M., 2012. Pictish parallels for Gotland's Picture Stones. In: M.H. KARNELL, ed, Gotland's Picture Stones. Bearers of an Enigmatic Legacy. Gotland: Fornsalen Publishing, Gotland Museum, pp. 171–182.

FOSTER, S.M., 2013a. Embodied energies, embedded stories: releasing the potential of casts of early medieval sculptures. In: J. HAWKES, ed, Making Histories. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Insular Art York 2011. Donington: Shaun Tyas, pp. 339–355.

FOSTER, S.M., 2013b. An Animate Landscape: Rock Art and the Prehistory of Kilmartin, Argyll, Scotland. European Journal of Archaeology, 16(4), pp. 742–747.

FOSTER, S.M., 2015a. Circulating agency: the V&A, Scotland and the multiplication of plaster casts of 'Celtic crosses'. Journal of the History of Collections, 27(1), pp. 73–96.

FOSTER, S.M., 2015b. Physical evidence for the early church in Scotland. In: P. BARNWELL, ed, Buildings for Worship in Britain: Celtic and Anglo-Saxon. Donhead: Shaun Tyas, pp. 68–91.

FOSTER, S.M., 2016. Expiscation! Disentangling the later biography of the St Andrews Sarcophagus. In: F. HUNTER and A. SHERIDAN, eds, Ancient Lives. Object, People and Place in Early Scotland. Essays for David V Clarke on his 70th Birthday. Leiden: Sidestone Press, pp. 165‒186.

FOSTER, S.M., BLACKWELL, A. and GOLDBERG, M., 2014. The legacy of nineteenth-century replicas for object cultural biographies: lessons in duplication from 1830s Fife. Journal of Victorian Culture, 19(2), pp. 137–160.

FOSTER, S.M. and CROSS, M., eds, 2005. Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney.

FOSTER, S.M. and CURTIS, N.G.W., 2016. The thing about replicas: why historic replicas matter. European Journal of Archaeology, 19(1), pp. 122–148.

FOSTER, S.M. and JONES, S., 2008. Recovering the biography of the Hilton of Cadboll cross-slab. In: H. JAMES, I. HENDERSON, S.M. FOSTER and S. JONES, eds, A Fragmented Masterpiece. Recovering the Biography of the Hilton of Cadboll Pictish Cross-Slab. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, pp. 205–284.

FOWLE, F., 2015. The Celtic Revival in Britain and Ireland: reconstructing the past, c. AD 1600–1920. In: J. FARLEY and F. HUNTER, eds, Celts: Art and Identity. London: The British Museum/National Museums Scotland, pp. 234–259.

FRASER, I., 2008. The Pictish Symbol Stones of Scotland. Edinburgh: RCAHMS.

FRASER, I., 2013. Medieval funerary monuments in Scotland. In: M. PENMAN, ed, Monuments and Monumentality across Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Donhead: Shaun Tyas, pp. 9–17.

FRASER, I., 2015. Robert the Bruce Tomb reconstructed in 3D. Focus, 2015, pp. 34–34.

FRASER, I., forthcoming. The lost tomb of Robert the Bruce. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

FRASER, I. and HALLIDAY, S., 2011. The early medieval landscape of Donside, Aberdeenshire. In: S.T. DRISCOLL, J. GEDDES and M.A. HALL, eds, Pictish Progress. New Studies on Northern Britain in the Early Middle Ages. Leiden: Brill, pp. 307–333.

FRASER, S.M., 2015. "To receive guests with kindness": Symbols of hospitality, nobility and diplomacy in Alexander Seton's designed landscape at Fyvie Castle. Architectural Heritage, 26, pp. 121-140.

G

Back to top

GARRETT, B., 2009. Celtic Knots with and beyond J Romilly Allen. 2nd edn. Zurich: Yazee Publications.

GEDDES, J., 2011. The problems of Pictish art, 1955–2009. In: S.T. DRISCOLL, J. GEDDES and M.A. HALL, eds, Pictish Progress. New Studies on Northern Britain in the Early Middle Ages. Leiden: Brill, pp. 121–134.

GEDDES, J., forthcoming. Early Medieval Sculpture at St Vigeans, Angus. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

GEFREH, T., 2015. Place, space and time: Iona's early medieval high crosses in the natural and liturgical landscape. PhD edn. University of Edinburgh.

GERDWILKER, C., FORSTER, A., TORNEY, C. and HYSLOP, E., 2016. The impact of science on conservation practice: sandstone consolidation in Scottish built heritage. In: J.E.A. HUGHES, ed, 13th International Congress on the Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Paisley.

GIESEN, M.J., UNG, A., WARKE, P.A., CHRISTGEN, B., MAZEL, A.D. and GRAHAM, D.W., 2014. Condition assessment and preservation of open-air rock art panels during environmental change. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 15(1), pp. 49–56.

GIFFORD, J., 2014. The National Monument of Scotland. Architectural Heritage, 25, pp. 43–83.

GLENDINNING, M., MACINNES, R. and MACKECHNIE, A., eds, 1996. A History of Scottish Architecture. From the Renaissance to the Present Day. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

GONDEK, M., and NOBLE, G., 2011. Together as one: the landscape of the symbol stones at Rhynie, Aberdeenshire. In: S.T. DRISCOLL, J. GEDDES and M.A. HALL, eds, Pictish Progress. New Studies on Northern Britain in the Early Middle Ages. Leiden: Brill, pp. 281–305.

GONDEK, M., 2006a. Early historic sculpture and landscape: a case study of Cladh a'Bhile, Ellary, Mid-Argyll. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 136, pp. 237–258.

GONDEK, M., 2006b. Investing in sculpture: power in early-historic Scotland. Medieval Archaeology, 50, pp. 105–142.

GONDEK, M., 2007. Pictish symbol stones: caught between prehistory and history. In: A. MAZEL, G. NASH and C. WADDINGTON, eds, Art as Metaphor: The Prehistoric Rock-Art of Britain. Oxford: Archaeopress, pp. 69–89.

GONDEK, M., 2015. Building blocks: structural contexts and carved stones in early medieval northern Britain. Early Medieval Stone Monuments. Materiality, Biography, Landscape. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, pp. 87–113.

GORDON, C.A., 1956. Carving technique on the symbol stones of north-east Scotland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 88 (1954–6), pp. 40–46.

GOSDEN, C. and MARSHALL, Y., 1999. The cultural biography of objects. World Archaeology, 31(2), pp. 169–178.

GOW, I., 2006. Scotland's Lost Houses. London: Aurum.

GRAHAM, A., 1958. Headstones in post-Reformation Scotland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 91 (1957–8), pp. 1–9.

GRANT, J., 1881. Cassell's Old and New Edinburgh. Original Manuscript: NLS: MS 293. 1st edn. London: Cassell, Petter, Galpin.

GRAY, T.E. and FERGUSON, L.M., 1997. Photographing Carved Stones. A Practical Guide to Recording Scotland's Past. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press (for the National Committee on the Carved Stones of Scotland in association with Historic Scotland).

GREENHILL, F.A., 1944. Notes on Scottish incised slabs. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 78 (1943–4), pp. 80–91.

GREENHILL, F.A., 1946. Notes on Scottish incised slabs. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 80 (1945–6), pp. 43–61.

GREENHILL, F.A., 1976. Incised Effigal Slabs. 2 vols. London: Faber & Faber.

GULLANE AND DIRLETON HISTORY SOCIETY, 2009. Life and Death in Dirleton Parish. A Social History Derived From Kirkyard Memorials. Dirleton: Gullane and Dirleton History Society.

GUSTAFSSON, A. and KARLSSON, H.2., 2014. Authenticity in Practice. A Comparative Discussion of the Authenticity, Staging and Public Communication at Eight World Heritage Classified Rock Art Sites. Lindome: Bricoleur Press.

H

Back to top

HALL, M.A., 2005a. A museum curator's adventures in Pictland. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 343–352.

HALL, M.A., 2011. Tales from beyond the Pict: sculpture and its uses in and around Forteviot, Perthshire from the ninth century onwards. In: S.T. DRISCOLL, J. GEDDES and M.A. HALL, eds, Pictish Progress. New Studies on Northern Britain in the Early Middle Ages. Leiden: Brill, pp. 135–168.

HALL, M.A., 2012a. Three stones, one landscape, many stories. Cultural biography and the early medieval sculptures of Inchyra and St Madoes, Carse of Gowrie, Perthshire, Scotland. In: S.H. DUDLEY, A.J. BARNES, J. BINNIE, J. PETROV and J. WALKLATE, eds, Narrating Objects, Collecting Stories. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 85–102.

HALL, M.A., 2012b. Performing prehistory in early medieval Scotland: making sense of the meaning of masks on Pictish sculpture. In: H. MELLER and R. MARASZEK, eds, Masken der Vorzeit in Europa (II). Internationale Tagung vom 19. bis 21. November 2010 in Halle (Saale). pp. 93–110.

HALL, M.A., 2012c. Des Jeux Gravĕs dans la Pierre: Graffiti des cathédrals, monastères et églises paroissiales en Grande-Bretagne (The permanence of stone: medieval graffiti gaming boards from cathedrals, monasteries and parish churches in Britain). Histoire et Image Médiévales Thématique, 28, pp. 30–33.

HALL, M.A., 2013a. Re-making, re-mediating and re-mythopoesis: the sculptured stone cross in popular cinema. In: J. HAWKES, ed, Making Histories. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Insular Art York 2011. Donington: Shaun Tyas, pp. 399–415.

HALL, M.A., 2014. The Meigle stones: a biographical overview. Northern Studies, 46, pp. 15–46.

HALL, M.A., 2015a. Lifeways in stone: memories and matter-reality in early medieval sculpture from Scotland. Early Medieval Stone Monuments. Materiality, Biography, Landscape. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, pp. 182–215.

HALL, M.A., FORSYTH, K.F., HENDERSON, I., SCOTT, I.G., TRENCH-JELLICOE, R. and WATSON, A., 2000. Of makings and meanings: towards a cultural biography of the Crieff Burgh Cross, Strathearn, Perthshire. Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal, 6, pp. 154–188.

HALL, M.A., FRASER, I. and SCOTT, I.G., 2011. From Holy Rood to estate folly: chapters in the cultural biography of the Goodlyburn Cross, Perthshire, Scotland. Review of Scottish Culture, 23, pp. 1–19.

HALL, M.A., HENDERSON, I. and SCOTT, I.G., 2005. The early medieval sculptures from Murthly, Perthshire: An interdisciplinary look at people, politics and monumental art. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Maney/Society for Medieval Archaeology, pp. 293–314.

HALL, M.A. and SCOTT, I.G., forthcoming. Forteviot, Dupplin, Invermay, Gask: The Forteviot assemblage of early medieval sculpture catalogue. In: E. CAMPBELL and S.T. DRISCOLL, eds, Royal Forteviot: Forteviot in the first and second millennia AD. York: Council for British Archaeology.

HAMLIN, A.E., 2008. Bullauns and other stones. In: A.E. HAMLIN and T.E. KERR, The Archaeology of Early Christianity in the North of Ireland. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports Brit. Ser. 460, pp. 144–154.

HARRISON, J.G., 2011. Rebirth of a Palace. The Royal Court at Stirling Castle. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.

HAWKES, J., 1997. Old Testament heroes: iconographies of Insular sculptures. In: D. HENRY, ed, The Worm, the Germ and the Thorn. Pictish and Related Studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press, pp. 149–158.

HAWKES, J., 2005. Figuring salvation: an excursus into the iconography of the Iona crosses. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 259–275.

HAWKES, J., 2008. Programmes of salvation: the iconography of the crosses on Iona. In: J. HAWKES, H. DAMICO and C.E. KARKOV, eds, Aedificia Nova: Studies in Honor of Rosemary Cramp. Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute Press, pp. 198‒225.

HAWKES, J., 2009. Studying Early Christian sculpture in England and Ireland: the object of art history or archaeology? In: J. GRAHAM-CAMPBELL and M. RYAN, eds, Anglo-Saxon/Irish Relations Before the Vikings. Proceedings of the British Academy 157. London: Oxford University Press for the British Academy, pp. 397–408.

HAY, I., 1931. Their Name Liveth. The Book of The Scottish National War Memorial. London: John Lane, The Bodley Head Limited.

HEACS, 2009. Report with Recommendations on the Long-Term Conservation of the Ecclesiastical Heritage in a Time of Demographic Change. Presented to Mike Russell, MSP, Minister for Culture, External Affairs and the Constitution, September 2009. Edinburgh: HEACS.

HENDERSON, G., 2013. Raven into dove: assimilation and conflation in the making of a sacred image. In: J. HAWKES, ed, Making Histories. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Insular Art York 2011. Donington: Shaun Tyas, pp. 215‒228.

HENDERSON, I., 1958. The origin centre of the Pictish symbol stones. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 91 (1957–8), pp. 44–60.

HENDERSON, I., 1967. The Picts. London: Thames and Hudson.

HENDERSON, I., 1971. The meaning of the Pictish symbol stones. In: E. MELDRUM, ed, The Dark Ages in the Highlands. Inverness: Inverness Field Club, pp. 53–88.

HENDERSON, I.B., 1978. Sculpture north of the Forth after the take-over by the Scots. In: J. LANG, ed, Anglo-Saxon and Viking Age Sculpture. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports Brit. Ser. 49, pp. 47–74.

HENDERSON, I.B., 1982. Pictish art and the Book of Kells. In: D. WHITELOCK, D. DUMWILLE and R. MCKITTERICK, eds, Ireland in Early Medieval Europe: Studies in Memory of Kathleen Hughes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 79–105.

HENDERSON, I.B., 1983. Pictish vine-scroll ornament. In: A. CONNOR and D.V. CLARKE, eds, From the Stone Age to the 'Forty-Five. Studies presented to R.B.K. Stevenson, former Keeper National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland. Edinburgh: John Donald Publishers Ltd, pp. 243–268.

HENDERSON, I.B., 1986. The 'David cycle' in Pictish art. In: J. HIGGITT, ed, Early Medieval Sculpture in Britain and Ireland. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports Brit. Ser. 152, pp. 87–123.

HENDERSON, I., 1987a. Early Christian monuments of Scotland displaying crosses but no other ornament. In: A. SMALL, ed, The Picts: A New Look at Old Problems. Dundee: Oxford University Computing Service, pp. 45–58.

HENDERSON, I.B., 1987b. The Book of Kells and the snake-boss on Pictish cross-slabs and the Iona crosses. In: M. RYAN, ed, Ireland and Insular Art A.D. 500–1200. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, pp. 56–65. 

HENDERSON, I., 1990. The Art and Function of Rosemarkie's Pictish Monuments. Rosemarkie: Groam House Museum.

HENDERSON, I., 1993a. Introduction. The making of The Early Christian Monuments of Scotland. In: J.R. ALLEN and J. ANDERSON, eds, The Early Christian Monuments of Scotland. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press, pp. thirteen–forty.

HENDERSON, I., 1993b. The shape and decoration of the cross on Pictish cross-slabs carved in relief. In: R.M. SPEARMAN and J. HIGGITT, eds, The Age of Migrating Ideas. Early Medieval Art in Northern Britain and Ireland. Stroud: National Museums of Scotland/Alan Sutton Publishing, pp. 209–218.

HENDERSON, I., 1994. The insular and continental context of the St Andrews Sarcophagus. In: B.E. CRAWFORD, ed, Scotland in Dark Age Europe. St Andrews: St John's House, pp. 71–102.

HENDERSON, I., 1999a. The Dupplin Cross: a preliminary consideration of its art-historical context. In: J. HAWKES and S. MILLS, eds, Northumbria's Golden Age. Stroud: Sutton Publishing, pp. 161–177. 

HENDERSON, I., 2005. Fragments of significance: the whole picture. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 69–84.

HENDERSON, I. and HENDERSON, G., 2004. The Art of the Picts. London: Thames and Hudson.

HENRY, A., 2006. Stone Conservation: Principles and Practice. Shaftesbury: Donhead Publishing.

HENRY, D., ed, 1997. The Worm, the Germ and the Thorn. Pictish and Related Studies Presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press.

HIGGITT, J., 1982. The Pictish Latin inscription at Tarbat in Ross-shire. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 112, pp. 300–321.

HIGGITT, J., 1997. Early medieval inscriptions in Britain and Ireland and their audiences. In: D. HENRY, ed, The Worm, the Germ and the Thorn. Pictish and Related Studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press, pp. 67–78. 

HIGGITT, J., 2005. Towards a 'new ECMS': the proposal for a new Corpus of Early Medieval Sculpture in Scotland. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 375–379.

HILL, P., 2003. The Stone of Destiny examined: an overview and discussion. In: R.D.E. WELANDER, D.J. BREEZE and T.O. CLANCY, eds, The Stone of Destiny: Artefact and Icon. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, pp. 11–31.

HINGLEY, R., MOORE, H.L., TRISCOTT, J.E. and WILSON, G., 1997. The excavation of two later Iron Age fortified homesteads at Aldclune, Blair Atholl, Perth and Kinross. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 127, pp. 407–466.

HISTORIC ENVIRONMENT SCOTLAND, 2015. Condition Monitoring System for properties in the care of Scottish Ministers and associated systems. Available at http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/hes-condition-monitoring-system.pdf.

HISTORIC SCOTLAND, 1994. Appendix in I. Maxwell, 'The preservation of Dark Age Sculpture'. In: E.O. BOWMAN and N.M. ROBERTSON, eds, Stones, Symbols and Stories: Aspects of Pictish Studies. Proceedings from the Conferences of the Pictish Arts Society, 1992. Edinburgh: Pictish Arts Society, pp. 3–18.

HISTORIC SCOTLAND, 2003. Emergency Measures for Historic Memorials. A Short Guide for Cemetery Managers. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.

HISTORIC SCOTLAND, 2011. Scottish Historic Environment Policy. December 2011. Available at http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/index/heritage/policy/shep.htm. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.

HISTORIC SCOTLAND, 2013. The Repair and Maintenance of War Memorials. Short Guide 3. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland National Conservation Centre.

HOLMES, S.M., 2013. 'Defyle not Chrysts Kirk with your carrion': William Durandus (c.1230–96), medieval burial and two tombs in Rome and Fife. In: M. PENMAN, ed, Monuments and Monumentality across Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Donhead: Shaun Tyas, pp. 212–223.

HOLMES, S.M., 2015. Sacred Signs in Reformation Scotland: Interpreting Worship, 1488–1590. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

HOLTORF, C., 2005. From Stonehenge to Las Vegas. Archaeology as Popular Culture. Lanham: Altamira Press.

HOLTORF, C., 2013. On pastness: a reconsideration of materiality in archaeological object authenticity. Anthropological Quarterly, 86(2), pp. 427–443.

HOWARD, D., 1996. The Kinnoull Aisle and Monument. Architectural History, 39, pp. 36–53.

HOWARTH, D., 1991. Sculpture and Scotland 1540–1700. In: F. PEARSON, ed, Virtue and Vision: Scotland and Sculpture 1540–1990. Edinburgh: National Galleries of Scotland, pp. 27–37.

HULL, D., 2003. Celtic and Anglo-Saxon Art: Geometric Aspects. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.

HUNTER, W.K., 1858. History of the Priory of Coldingham from the Earliest Date to the Present Time. Compiled from the most Authentic Authors, Ancient and Modern. Edinburgh: Sutherland and Knox.

HYGEN, A., 2006. The Rock Art Project 1996–2005. Final Report from the Directorate for Cultural Heritage. Available at http://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11250/175756/1/Bergkunst_sluttrapport_eng.pdf. Oslo: Riksantikvaren.

HYGEN, A. and BENGTSSON, L., 2000. Rock Carvings in the Borderlands. Bohuslän and Østfold. Gothenburg: Warne Förlag.

I

Back to top

ICCROM, 13th International Congress on the Deterioration and Conservation of Stone. Available at http://www.iccrom.org/classifieds/13th-international-congress-on-the-deterioration-and-conservation-of-stone/ [April/07, 2016].

ICOMOS - ISCS, ICOMOS International Scientific Committee for Stone. Available at http://iscs.icomos.org/ [April/07, 2016].

INGLIS, J., 1987. Patterns in stone, patterns in population: symbol stones seen from beyond the Mounth. In: A. SMALL, ed, The Picts: A New Look at Old Problems. Dundee: Oxford University Computing Service, pp. 73–79.

INKPEN, R.J., 1999. Gravestones: problems and potentials as indicators of historic changes in weathering. In: M.S. JONES and R.D. WAKEFIELD, eds, Aspects of Stone Weathering, Decay and Conservation. Proceedings of the 1997 Stone Weathering and Atmospheric Pollution Network Conference (SWAPNET'97). London: Imperial College Press, pp. 16–27.

INSH, F., 2014. An aspirational era? Examining and defining Scottish visual culture 1620–1707. Available at http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.646090. PhD edn. University of Aberdeen.

J

Back to top

JAMES, H., HENDERSON, I., FOSTER, S.M. and JONES, S., 2008. A Fragmented Masterpiece. Recovering the Biography of the Hilton of Cadboll Pictish Cross-Slab. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

JAMES, H.F., 2005. Pictish cross-slabs: an examination of their original archaeological context. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 95–112.

JEFFREY, S., 2003. Three dimensional modeling of Scottish Early Medieval Sculpted Stones. Available at http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/jeffrey_2004/. PhD edn. University of Glasgow.

JEFFREY, S., 2005. The missing dimension: future directions in digital recording of early medieval sculptured stone. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 353–36.

JEFFREY, S., 2010. Resource discovery and curation of complex and interactive digital datasets. Available at. In: H. GARDNER and C. BAILEY, eds, Re-visualising Visual Culture, AHRC ICT Methods Network. London: Ashgate, pp. 45–60.

JEFFREY, S., 2015. Challenging heritage visualisation: beauty, aura and democratisation. Open Archaeology, 1(1), pp. 144–152.

JEFFREY, S., HALE, A., JONES, C., JONES, S. and MAXWELL, M., 2015. The ACCORD project: archaeological community co-production of research resources. In: F. GILIGNY, F. DJINDJIAN, L. COASTA, P. MOSCATI and S. ROBERT, eds, CAA 2014—21st Century Archaeology: Concepts, Methods and Tools. Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Oxford: Archaeopress, pp. 289–295.

JERVISE, A., 1875–79. Epitaphs & Inscriptions from Burial Grounds & Old Buildings in the North-East of Scotland, 2 vols. Edinburgh: Edmondston and Douglas.

JOKILEHTO, J., 2006. Considerations on authenticity and integrity in world heritage context. Available at http://www.ceci-br.org/novo/revista/docs2006/CT-2006-44.pdf. City & Time, 2(1 1.), pp. 1–16. J

ONES, A.M., COCHRANE, A., CARTER, C., DAWSON, I., DÍAZ-GUARDAMINO, M., KOTOULA, E. and MINKIN, L., 2015. Digital imaging and prehistoric imagery: a new analysis of the Folkton Drums. Antiquity, 89(347), pp. 1083–1095.

JONES, A.M., FREEDMAN, D., O'CONNOR, B., LAMDIN-WHYMARK, H., TIPPING, R. and WATSON, A., 2011. An Animate Landscape: Rock Art and the Prehistory of Kilmartin, Argyll, Scotland. Oxford: Windgather.

JONES, S., 2004. Early Medieval Sculpture and the Production of Meaning, Value and Place: The Case of Hilton of Cadboll. Available at http://conservation.historic-scotland.gov.uk/publication-detail.htm?pubid=7893. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland. Research Report.

JONES, S., 2005. 'That stone was born here and that's where it belongs': Hilton of Cadboll and the negotiations of identity, ownership and belonging. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology, pp. 37–53.

JONES, S., 2006a. Making place, resisting displacement: conflicting national and local identities in Scotland. In: L. SMITH, ed, Cultural Heritage: Critical Concepts in Media and Cultural Studies, Volume 4. London: Routledge, pp. 94–114.

JONES, S., 2006b. "They made it a living thing didn't they": the growth of things and the fossilisation of heritage. In: R. LAYTON, S. SHENNAN and P. STONE, eds, A Future for Archaeology: The Past in the Present. London: UCL Press, pp. 107–126.

JONES, S., 2009. Experiencing authenticity at heritage sites: some implications for heritage management and conservation. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites, 11(2), pp. 133–147.

JONES, S., 2010. Negotiating authentic objects and authentic selves. Beyond the deconstruction of authenticity. Journal of Material Culture, 15(2), pp. 181–203.

JONES, S., 2011. "Sorting stones": monuments, memory and resistance in the Scottish Highlands. In: M.C. BEAUDRY and J. SYMONDS, eds, Interpreting the Early Modern World, Contributions to Global Historical Archaeology. New York: Springer Science and Business Media, pp. 113–139.

JONES, S., 2016 online. Wrestling with the social value of heritage: problems, dilemmas and opportunities. Journal of Community Archaeology and Heritage. DOI:10.1080/20518196.2016.1993996.

JONES, S., 2016 in press. Unlocking essences and exploring networks. Experiencing authenticity in heritage education settings. In: C. VAN BOXTEL, M. GREVER and S. KLEIN, eds, Tangible Pasts? Questioning Heritage Education. Oxford: Berghahn.

JONES, S. and LEECH, S., 2015. Valuing the Historic Environment: A Critical Review of Existing Approaches to Social Value. AHRC: Cultural Value Project Report. Available at https://www.escholar.manchester.ac.uk/uk-ac-man-scw:281849. Manchester: University of Manchester.

JONES, S. and YARROW, T., 2013. Crafting authenticity: an ethnography of conservation practice. Journal of Material Culture, 18(1), pp. 3–26.

K

Back to top

KAINS-JACKSON, C.P., 1880. Our Ancient Monuments and the Land around them. London: Elliot Stock.

KARKOV, C.E. and ORTON, F., eds, 2003. Theorizing Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture. Medieval European Studies IV. Morgantown: West Virginia University Press.

KASTEN, M., In prep. Three-dimensional Imaging of the Govan Stones. PhD edn. University of Glasgow.

KELLY, D., 1993. The relationships of the crosses of Argyll: the evidence of form. In: R.M. SPEARMAN and J. HIGGITT, eds, The Age of Migrating Ideas. Early Medieval Art in Northern Britain and Ireland. Stroud: National Museums of Scotland/Alan Sutton Publishing, pp. 219–229.

KEPPIE, L.J.F., 1979. Roman Distance Slabs from the Antonine Wall. Glasgow: Hunterian Museums Publications.

KEPPIE, L.J.F., 1983. Roman inscriptions from Scotland: some additions and corrections to RIB I. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 113, pp. 391–404.

KEPPIE, L.J.F., 1998a. Scotland's Roman Remains: An Introduction and Handbook. Edinburgh: John Donald.

KEPPIE, L.J.F., 1998b. Roman Inscribed and Sculptured Stones in the Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow. Cambridge: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies.

KEPPIE, L.J.F., 2014a. The Hunterian collection and its Museum. Journal of the History of Collections, 26(3), pp. 355–362.

KEPPIE, L.J.F. and ARNOLD, B.J., 1984. Corpus Signorum Imperii Romani (Corpus of Sculpture of the Roman World) Great Britain Volume 1, Fascicle 4. Oxford: British Academy.

KIDD, C., 1993. Subverting Scotland's Past: Scottish Whig Historians and the Creation of an Anglo-British Identity 1689–1830. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

KILPATRICK, K.A., 2011. The iconography of the Papil Stone: sculptural and literary comparisons with a Pictish motif'. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 141, pp. 159–205.

KING, A., 1993. Memorials of the Great War in Britain: The Symbolism and Politics of Remembrance. Oxford: Berg.

KITZLER ÅHFELDT, L., 2013. 3D-scanning of Gotland Picture Stones. With supplementary material: Digital catalogue of 3D data. Journal of Nordic Archaeological Science, 18, pp. 55–65.

KRUSE, A., 2013. Columba and Jonah—a motif in the dispersed art of Iona. Northern Studies, 45, pp. 1–26.

KUPFER, M., 2011. The cult of images in light of pictorial graffiti at Doué-la-Fontaine. Early Medieval Europe, 19(2), pp. 125–152.

L

Back to top

LACAILLE, A.D., 1953. Stone basins. Glasgow Archaeological Society Transactions, 12, pp. 41–93.

LAING, L., 2000. The chronology and context of Pictish relief sculpture. Medieval Archaeology, 44, pp. 81–114.

LANG, J.T., 1972. Hogback monuments of Scotland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 105 (1972–4), pp. 206–235.

LANKESTER, P. and SCOTT, M., 1981. An interim list of Scottish 'Lowland' effigies down to 1560. Glasgow Archaeological Society Bulletin, 12(Autumn), pp. 3–10.

LATOUR, B. and LOWE, A., 2011. The migration of the aura, or how to explore the original through its facsimiles. In: T. BARTSCHERER and R. COOVER, eds, Switching Codes. Thinking Through Digital Technology in the Humanities and the Arts. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, pp. 275–297.

LEE, R., PHILIP, J. and ZIMAN, P., 2010. Pictish symbols revealed as a written language through application of Shannon entropy. Available at <http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/royprsa/early/2010/03/26/rspa.2010.0041.full.pdf>. Proceedings of the Royal Society A, pp. 1–16.

LERMA, J.L. and MUIR, C., 2014. Evaluating the 3D documentation of an early Christian upright stone with carvings from Scotland with multiples images. Journal of Archaeological Science, 46, pp. 311–318.

LERMA, J.L., NAVARRO, S., CABRELLES, M. and VILLAVERDE, V., 2010. Terrestrial laser scanning and close range photogrammetry for 3D archaeological documentation: the Upper Palaeolithic Cave of Parpalló as a case study. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(3), pp. 499–507.

LOWE, C., 2006. Excavations at Hoddam, Dumfriesshire. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

LOWE, C., 2008. Inchmarnock. An Early Historic Island Monastery and its Archaeological Landscape. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

M

Back to top

MAC LEAN, D., 1985. Early medieval sculpture in the West Highlands and Islands of Scotland. PhD edn. University of Edinburgh.

MAC LEAN, D., 1993. Snake-bosses and redemption at Iona and in Pictland. In: R.M. SPEARMAN and J. HIGGITT, eds, The Age of Migrating Ideas. Early Medieval Art in Northern Britain and Ireland. Stroud: National Museums of Scotland/Alan Sutton Publishing, pp. 247–253.

MAC LEAN, D., 1997. Maelrubai, Applecross and the late Pictish contribution west of Druimalban. In: D. HENRY, ed, The Worm, the Germ and the Thorn. Pictish and Related Studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press, pp. 173–187.

MACARTHUR, M., 2003. Iona Celtic Art. The Work of Alexander and Euphemia Ritchie. Strathpeffer: The New Iona Press.

MACDONALD, G., 1936. Post-Reformation tombstones in the cathedral churchyard, St Andrews. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 70 (1935–6), pp. 40–119.

MACDONALD, M., 2000. Scottish Art. London: Thames & Hudson. MACGIBBON, D. and ROSS, T., 1887–92. Castellated and Domestic Architecture of Scotland from the Twelfth to the Eighteenth Century, 5 vols. Edinburgh: David Douglas.

MACGIBBON, D. and ROSS, T., 1896–97. The Ecclesiastical Architecture of Scotland, from the Earliest Christian Times to the Seventeenth Century. 3 vols. Edinburgh: D Douglas.

MACGREGOR, G., 2009. Changing people, changing landscapes: excavations at the Carrick, Midross, Loch Lomond. Historic Argyll, 14, pp. 8–13.

MACK, A., 1997. Field Guide to the Pictish Symbol Stones. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press.

MACK, A., 1998. The Association of Pictish Symbol Stones with Ecclesiastical, Burial, and 'Memorial' Areas. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press.

MACLEAN, H., 2014. Gilding the Thistle: the amplification of Scottish identity in Australian cemeteries. Paper presented at Death in Scotland, from the Medieval to the Modern: Beliefs, Attitudes and Practices conference 2 February 2014. Abstract available at <https://ug.academia.edu.HildaMaclean>.

MACLEOD, J., 2010a. Memorials and location: local versus national identity and the Scottish National War Memorial. The Scottish Historical Review, 89(1), pp. 73–95.

MACLEOD, J., 2010b. "By Scottish hands, with Scottish money, on Scottish soil": the Scottish National War Memorial and national identity. The Journal of British Studies, 49(Special Issue 01), pp. 73–96.

MACMILLAN, D., 2001. Scottish Art in the 20th Century. Revised 2nd edn. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing.

MACMILLAN, D., 2014. Scotland's Shrine: The Scottish National War Memorial. Farnham: Lund Humphries. 

MACPHERSON, A., 1890. Scottish sacrament houses. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 25 (1890–91), pp. 89–116.

MAIR, C., 1988. Mercat Cross and Tolbooth: Understanding Scotland's Old Burghs. Edinburgh: John Donald Publishers Ltd.

MARKHAM, M., 1997. Geology and archaeology: a search for the source rock used by British Neolithic axe makers. Open University Geological Society Journal, 18(3), pp. 48–57.

MáRKUS, M., 2003. Historic Scotland ex situ carved and moulded stones project. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland, 4, pp. 7–10.

MASON, R., 2002. Assessing values in conservation planning: methodological issues and choices. In: M. DE LA TORRE, ed, Assessing the Values of Cultural Heritage. Available at http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/assessing.pdf. Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute, pp. 5–30.

MAXWELL, I., 2005. Scotland's early medieval sculpture in the 21st century: a strategic overview of conservation problems, maintenance and replication methods. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 159–174.

MAXWELL, I., NANDA, R. and URQUHART, D., 2001. Conservation of Historic Graveyards. Guide for Practitioners 2. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.

MCCAIG, N., 'True Ways of Knowing', Measures, London: Chatto and Windus, (reprinted in Collected Poems, London: Chatto and Windus, 1990, 141–142).

MCCLANAHAN, A., 2004. The Heart of Neolithic Orkney in its contemporary contexts: A case study in heritage management and community values. Unpublished report. Available at http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/orkney-case-study.pdf.

MCCORMICK, E.L., 2010. Crosses in circulation: processes and patterns of acquisition and display of early medieval sculpture in the National Museums of Britain and Ireland, circa 1850 to 1950. PhD edn. University of York.

MCCULLOCH, W.T., 1857. Notices of the City Cross of Edinburgh, &c, illustrated by a model and drawings of the existing remains. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 2 (1854–7), pp. 287–294.

MCFARLAND, E., 2004. Researching death, mourning and commemoration in early modern Scotland. Journal of Historical Studies, 24(1), pp. 20–44.

MCFARLAND, E.W., 2010. Commemoration of the South African War in Scotland, 1900–10. The Scottish Historical Review, 89(2: 228), pp. 194–223.

MCGUINNESS, D., 2013. Bullaun stones and early Medieval pilgrimage at Glendalough. In: M. HERITY, ed, Ordnance Survey Letters Wicklow and Carlow: Letters relating to the Antiquities of the Counties of Wicklow and Carlow containing information collected during the progress of the Ordnance Survey 1838–1840. Dublin: Four Masters Press, pp. 14–24.

MCKEAN, C., 2001. The Scottish Chateau: The Country House of Renaissance Scotland. Stroud: Sutton Publishing Ltd.

MCKENZIE, R., 2002. Public Sculpture of Glasgow. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.

MCROBERTS, D., 1965. Scottish sacrament houses. Transactions of the Scottish Ecclesiological Society, 15(3), pp. 33–56.

MELVILLE, N.H.T., 2000. The incised effigal stone at Foveran, Aberdeenshire. Accessible at <http://jwma.ejmas.com/articles/2000/melville/melville_2.htm>. Journal of Western Martial Art, January.

MEYER, K.S., 2005. Bird, beast or fish? Problems of identification and interpretation of the iconography carved on the Tarbat peninsula cross-slabs. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 243–257.

MEYER, K., 2011. Saints, scrolls and serpents: theorising a Pictish liturgy on the Tarbat peninsula. In: S.T. DRISCOLL, J. GEDDES and M.A. HALL, eds, Pictish Progress. New Studies on Northern Britain in the Early Middle Ages. Leiden: Brill, pp. 169–200.

MILLER, S. and RUCKLEY, N.A., 2005. The role of geological analysis of monuments: a case study from St Vigeans and related sites. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 277–292.

MONTEITH, R., 1704. An Theater of Mortality: or, the Illustrious Inscriptions Extant upon the Several Monuments ... within the Gray-Friars church-yard .... Edinburgh: Heirs and Successors of Andrew Anderson.

MOWBRAY, C.L., 1936. Eastern influence on carvings at St Andrews and Nigg, Scotland. Antiquity, 10, pp. 428–440.

MUDGE, M., MALZBENDER, T., CHALMERS, A., SCOPIGNO, R., DAVIS, J., WANG, O., GUNAWARDANE, P., ASHLEY, M., DOERR, M., PROENCA, A. and BARBOSA, J., 2008. Image-Based Empirical Information Acquisition, Scientific Reliability, and Long-Term Digital Preservation for the Natural Sciences and Cultural Heritage. Available at <http://culturalheritageimaging.org/What_We_Do/Publications/eurographics2008/>. e-book: Eurographics Association.

MUDGE, M., MALZBENDER, T., SCHROER, C. and LUM, M., 2006. New Reflection Transformation Imaging methods for rock art and multiple-viewpoint display. In: M. IOANNIDES, D. ARNOLD and F. NICCOLUCCI, eds, Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (VAST 2006). e-book: Eurographics Association, pp. 195–200.

MUIR, C., 2005. The containment of Scottish carved stones in situ: an environmental study of the efficacy of glazed enclosures. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 175–186.

MUIR, T.L.S., 1861. Characteristics of Old Church Architecture Etc. in the Mainland and Western Islands of Scotland. London: London.

MUÑOZ-VIÑAS, S., 2011. Contemporary Theory of Conservation. London: Routledge.

MUNRO, D.M. and O'GRADY, O.J.T., 2015. Boundary stones in the Lomond Hills: enclosure of the Falkland Commonty, Fieldwork Report Conservation Assessment. Unpublished report for Living Lomonds Landscape Partnership. Available at http://www.livinglomonds.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/LLLP-WR1818-Boundary-Stone-Survey-Report_OJT-Heritage_Final-Version-website.pdf.

MYTUM, H., 2004. Mortuary Monuments and Burial Grounds of the Historic Period. New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

MYTUM, H., 2006. Popular attitudes to memory, the body, and social identity: the rise of external commemoration in Britain, Ireland and New England. Post-Medieval Archaeology, 40(1), pp. 96–110.

MYTUM, H., 2009. Mortality symbols in action: Protestant and Catholic early 18th century West Ulster. Historical Archaeology, 43(1), pp. 160–182.

N

Back to top

NASH, G. and CHIPPINDALE, C., eds, 2002. European Landscapes of Rock-Art. London and New York: Routledge.

NEEDHAM, S. and COWIE, T., 2012. The halberd pillar at Ri Cruin cairn, Kilmartin, Argyll. In: A. COCHRANE and A.M. JONES, eds, Visualising the Neolithic: Abstraction, Figuration, Performance, Representation. Oxford: Oxbow Books, pp. 89–110.

NICOLL, E.H., ed, 1995. A Pictish Panorama: The Story of the Picts and a Pictish Bibliography (compiled by Jack Burt). Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press.

NIVEN, K., JEFFREY, S. and RICHARDS, J.D., 2014. Archiving three-dimensional archaeology: new technologies, new solutions? In: G. EARL, T. SLY, A. CHRYSANTHI, P. MURRIETA-FLORES, C. PAPADOPOULOS, I. ROMANOWSKA and D. WHEATLEY, eds, Archaeology in the Digital Era Volume II. e-papers from the 40th Annual Conference of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA), Southampton, UK, 26–30 March 2012. Available at <http://dare.uva.nl/aup/en/record/500958>. e-book: Amsterdam University Press, pp. 289–294.

NORMAN, A.V.B., 1963. A Scottish military effigy of the 15th century. Scottish Art Review, special no, Scottish Weapons, 9(1), pp. 24, 34–25, 35.

O

Back to top

Ó CARRAGÁIN, É., 2005. Ritual and the Rood: Liturgical Images and the Old English Poems of the Dream of the Rood Tradition. London; Toronto; New York: British Library; University of Toronto Press.

OKASHA, E., 1985. The non-ogham inscriptions of Pictland. Cambridge Early Medieval Studies, 9, pp. 43–69.

OLIVER, J. and NEAL, T., 2010. cliWild Signs: Graffiti in Archaeology and History. Oxford: Hadrian Books/British Archaeological Reports Int Ser 2074.

ORAM, R., 2009. The medieval bishops of Whithorn, their cathedral and their tombs. In: C. LOWE, ed, 'Clothing for the soul divine': Burials at the Tomb of St Ninian. Excavations at Whithorn Priory, 1957–67. Historic Scotland Archaeology Report no 3. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland, pp. 131–165.

ORAM, R.D., 2013. Bishop's tombs in medieval Scotland. In: M. PENMAN, ed, Monuments and Monumentality across Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Donhead: Shaun Tyas, pp. 171–198.

ORTON, F. and WOOD, I. WITH LEES, C., 2007. Fragments of History: Rethinking the Ruthwell and Bewcastle Monuments. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

OWEN, K. and FLEMING, F., 2016. The two towers: return of the stones [Elgin Cathedral carved stone collection display]. History Scotland, 16(2), pp. 46–47. 

P

Back to top

PAISLEY REG., 1832; 1877. Registrum Monasterii de Passelet: cartas, privilegia, conventiones aliaque munimenta. Maitland Club/New Club.

PEACOCK, D.P.S., 1997. Charlemagne's black stones: the re-use of Roman columns in early medieval Europe. Antiquity, 71, pp. 709–715.

PEARSON, F., ed, 1991a. Virtue and Vision: Scotland and Sculpture 1540–1990. Edinburgh: National Galleries of Scotland.

PENMAN, M., ed, 2013a. Monuments and Monumentality across Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Donington: Shaun Tyas.

PENMAN, M., 2013b. A programme for royal tombs in Scotland? A review of the evidence, c.1093–c.1542. In: M. PENMAN, ed, Monuments and Monumentality across Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Donhead: Shaun Tyas, pp. 239–253.

PLESCH, V., 2002. Memory on the wall: graffiti on religious wall paintings. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, 32(1), pp. 167–198.

PRAY NOW GROUP, 2015. Living Stones. Pray Now Weekly Devotions & Monthly Prayer Activities. Norwich: St Andrews Press.

PRITCHARD, V., 1967. English Medieval Graffiti. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

PROUDFOOT, E., 1998. St Andrews Cathedral graveyard survey. Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal, 1, pp. 248–259.

PULLIAM, H., 2013. Blood, water and stone: the performative cross. In: J. HAWKES, ed, Making Histories. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Insular Art York 2011. Donington: Shaun Tyas, pp. 262–278.

PULLIAM, H., 2015. Tracing the Celts? Survival and transformation, c. AD 800–1600. In: J. FARLEY and F. HUNTER, eds, Celts: Art and Identity. London: The British Museum/National Museums Scotland, pp. 206–233.

PYE, E., 2001. Caring for the Past: Issues in Conservation for Archaeology and Museums. London: James & James Science.

Q

Back to top

QLTR, Code of Practice for Treasure Trove in Scotland. Available at http://www.qltr.gov.uk/content/code-practice-treasure-trove-scotland-0 [April/04, 2016].

R

Back to top

RAEBURN, G.D., 2012. The long reformation of the dead in Scotland. PhD edn. University of Durham.

RRAY, J., RUGG, J., RUTHERFORD, S., LOE, L., HIND, J. and SPANDL, K., 2014. Cemeteries, Churchyards and Burial Grounds: Devising and Applying a Significance Framework. Unpublished report for English Heritage. Available at https://historicengland.org.uk/images-books/publications/cemeteries-churchyards-and-burial-grounds-significance-framework/. Oxford Archaeology.

RCAHMS, 1982. Argyll: An Inventory of the Monuments, Volume 4. Iona. Glasgow: HMSO.

RCAHMS, 1985. Pictish Symbol Stones. A Handlist. Edinburgh: RCAHMS.

RCAHMS, 1988. Argyll: An Inventory of the Monuments, Volume 6. Mid Argyll & Cowal. Prehistoric and Early Historic Monuments. Glasgow: HMSO.

RCAHMS, 1994a. South-East Perth. An Archaeological Landscape. Edinburgh: RCAHMS.

RCAHMS, 1994b. Pictish Symbol Stones. A Handlist. Edinburgh: RCAHMS.

RCAHMS, 1999. Pictish Symbol Stones. An Illustrated Gazetteer. Edinburgh: RCAHMS.

RCAHMS, 2007a. In the Shadow of Bennachie. A Field Archaeology of Donside, Aberdeenshire. Edinburgh: RCAHMS/Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

RCAHMS, 2007b. Early Medieval Carved Stones at Brechin. Edinburgh: RCAHMS.

RCAHMS, 2008a. Canna: The Archaeology of a Hebridean Landscape. Edinburgh: RCAHMS.

RCAHMS, 2008b. Early Medieval Sculpture in Angus Council Museums. Edinburgh: RCAHMS.

REDKNAP, M. and LEWIS, J.M., 2007. A Corpus of Early Inscribed Stones and Stone Sculpture in Wales. Volume I. Breconshire, Glamorgan, Monmouthshire, Radnorshire, and geographically contiguous areas of Herefordshire and Shropshire. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.

RICHARDS, J.D., JEFFREY, S. and NIVEN, K., 2013. Preserving our digital heritage: information systems for data management and preservation. In: E. CH'NG, V. GAFFNEY and CHAPMAN H., eds, Visual Heritage in the Digital Age. New York: Springer Press, pp. 313–329.

RICHARDSON, J.S., 1928. Fragments of altar retables of late medieval date in Scotland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 62 (1927–8), pp. 197–224.

RICHARDSON, J.S., 1964. The Medieval Stone Carver in Scotland. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

RIEGL, A., 1982 [1902]. The modern cult of monuments: its character and origins. Reprinted in Oppositions 25. New York: Rizzoli.

RITCHIE, A., ed, 1994a. Govan and its Early Medieval Sculpture. Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing Ltd.

RITCHIE, A., 1995. Meigle and lay patronage in Tayside in the 9th and 10th centuries AD. Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal, 1, pp. 1–10.

RITCHIE, A., 2004. Hogback Gravestones at Govan and Beyond. Glasgow: Friends of Govan Old.

RITCHIE, J.N.G., 1997. Recording Early Christian monuments in Scotland. In: D. HENRY, ed, The Worm, the Germ and the Thorn. Pictish and Related Studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press, pp. 119–128.

RITCHIE, J.N.G., 1998. Recording Early Christian Monuments in Scotland. Rosemarkie: Groam House Museum.

ROBERTSON, N.M., 1997. The early medieval carved stones of Fortingall. In: D. HENRY, ed, The Worm, the Germ and the Thorn. Pictish and Related Studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press, pp. 133–148.

RODGER, J., 2014. McCaig's Tower and a Scottish monumental tradition. Journal of Scottish Historical Studies, 34(1), pp. 90–106.

RODWELL, W., 2013. The Coronation Chair and Stone of Scone: History, Archaeology and Conservation. Oxford and Oakville: Oxbow Books.

ROSS, A., 2015. Land Assessment and Lordship in Medieval Northern Scotland. Turnhout: Brepols.

ROSS, T., 1890. The ancient sundials of Scotland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 24 (1889–90), pp. 161–273.

RUGG, J., 2000. Defining the place of burial: what makes a cemetery a cemetery? Mortality, 5(3), pp. 259–273.

RUSKIN, J., 1849. The Seven Lamps of Architecture London: Smith, Elder and Co.

RUSSELL, R. and WINKWORTH, K., 2009. Significance 2.0: A Guide to Assessing the Significance of Collections. Available at . 2nd edn. Rundle Mall: Collections Council of Australia Ltd.

RYDER, P., 2001. The Cross Slab Grave Covers of Cumbria. Kendal: Cumbria County Council.

S

Back to top

SAMSON, R., 1992. The reinterpretation of the Pictish symbols. Journal of the British Archaeological Association, 145, pp. 29–65.

SCOTT, I.G., 1997. Illustrating early medieval carved stones. In: D. HENRY, ed, The Worm, the Germ and the Thorn. Pictish and Related Studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press, pp. 129–132.

SCOTT, I.G. and RITCHIE, A., 2009. Pictish and Viking-Age Carvings from Shetland. Edinburgh: RCAHMS.

SCOTT, I.G. and RITCHIE, A., 2014. Pictish symbols stones and early cross-slabs from Orkney. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 144, pp. 169–204.

SCOTT, R., 2005. The cemetery and the city: the origins of Glasgow Necropolis, 1825–1857. PhD edn. Department of History (Scottish History), University of Glasgow.

SCOTTISH CULTURAL ENTERPRISE, 2011. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Scotland's Rural Past. Final Evaluation Report. Detailed Report. Available at http://www.scotlandsruralpast.org.uk/images/pdfs/SRPFinalReport.pdf. Edinburgh.

SCOTTISH EXECUTIVE, 2005. Carved Stones. Scottish Executive Policy and Guidance. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.

SCOTTISH GOVERNMENT, 2014. Our Place in Time. The Historic Environment Strategy for Scotland. Available at http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0044/00445046.pdf. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.

SCOTTISH GOVERNMENT, 2015-last update, Scotland Performs. Available at http://www.gov.scot/About/Performance/scotPerforms [Feb/2016, 2015].

SERIGHT, S.E., 1999. George Bain. Master of Celtic Design. Rosemarkie: Groam House Museum.

SIMPSON, J.Y., 1866. On ancient sculpturings of cups and concentric rings. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 6 (1864–6), pp. 1–134.

SMAILES, H.E., 2014. A pride of lions: Noel Paton and the National Wallace Monument. Architectural Heritage, 25, pp. 85–106.

SMALL, A., ed, 1987. The Picts. A New Look at Old Problems. Dundee: Oxford University Computing Service.

SMALL, J.W., 1900. Scottish Market Crosses. Stirling: E Mackay.

SOMERVILLE, A.R., 1987. The ancient sundials of Scotland. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 117, pp. 233–264.

SOMERVILLE, A.R., 1990. The Ancient Sundials of Scotland. London: Rogers Turner.

SPICER, A., 2000. Defyle not Christ's Kirk with your carrion: the development of burial aisles in Post-Reformation Scotland. In: B. GORDON and P. MARSHALL, eds, The Place of the Dead: Death and Remembrance in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 149–169.

SPROAT, R., 2010. Ancient symbols, computational linguistics, and the reviewing practices of the general science journals. Computational Linguistics, 36(3), pp. 585–594.

STEER, K.A. and BANNERMAN, J.W.M., 1977. Late Medieval Monumental Sculpture in the West Highlands. Edinburgh: RCAHMS.

STEPHEN, W.M., 1968. Wayside markers in Fife. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 100 (1967–8), pp. 179–184.

STEVENSON, J.B., 1993. Cup- and ring-markings at Ballochmyle, Ayrshire. Glasgow Archaeological Journal, 18, pp. 33–40.

STEVENSON, R.B.K., 1955 (repr. 1980). Pictish Art. In: F.T. WAINWRIGHT, ed, The Problem of the Picts. Perth: Methven Press, pp. 97–128.

STEVENSON, R.B.K., 1956. The chronology and relationships of some Irish and Scottish crosses. Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, 86, pp. 84‒96.

STEVENSON, R.B.K., 1959. The Inchyra stone and some other unpublished early Christian monuments. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 92 (1958–9), pp. 33–55.

STEVENSON, R.B.K., 1971. Sculpture in Scotland in the 6th–9th centuries A.D. In: V. MILOJCIC, ed, Kollquiuim über spätantike und frühmittelalterliche Skulptur, Heidelberg 1970. pp. 65–74.

STEVENSON, R.B.K., 1981a. The museum, its beginnings and its development. Part II: the National Museum to 1954. In: A.S. BELL, ed, The Scottish Antiquarian Tradition. Essays to Mark the Bicentenary of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland and its Museum, 1780–1980. Edinburgh: John Donald, pp. 142–211.

STEVENSON, R.B.K., 1981b. Christian sculpture in Norse Shetland. Fróðskaparrit, 28–29, pp. 283–292.

STEVICK, R., 2010. The forms of two crosses on Pictish cross-slabs: Rossie Priory, Perthshire and Glamis No.2. In: S.T. DRISCOLL, J. GEDDES and M.A. HALL, eds, Pictish Progress. New Studies on Northern Britain in the Early Middle Ages. Leiden: Brill, pp. 201–220.

STUART, J., 1856. Sculptured Stones of Scotland. Aberdeen: Spalding Club.

SUAT, 1991. Kinnoull: A History of the Parish Cemetery. Perth: SUAT.

SUAT, 1999. National Assessment of Gravestones and Graveyards. Unpublished report for TCRE, Historic Scotland. Perth: SUAT.

SUTHERLAND, G., 2014-last update, The Kelsae Stane (blog), 25/7/2014. Available at http://gilessutherland.blogspot.co.uk/2014/07/the-kelsae-stane.html [April/1, 2016].

SWIFT, C., 2008. Commentary: the Knowth oghams in context. In: F.J. BYRNE, W. JENKINS, G. KENNY and C. SWIFT, eds, Excavations at Knowth 4: Historical Knowth and its Hinterland. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, pp. 120–132.

T

Back to top

TARLOW, S., 1999. Bereavement and Commemoration. An Archaeology of Mortality. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.

THICKPENNY, C.R., In prep. Key-pattern in Insular art: unlocking regional connections and cultural history, AD 600–1000. PhD edn. University of Glasgow.

THOMAS, A., 2015. Art and architecture in Neolithic Orkney: process, temporality and context. PhD edn. University of Aberdeen.

THOMAS, C(harles)., 1961. The animal art of the Scottish Iron Age and its origins. Archaeological Journal, 118, pp. 14–64.

THOMAS, C., 1963. The interpretation of the Pictish symbols. Archaeological Journal, 120, pp. 31–97.

THOMAS, C., 1967. An Early Christian cemetery and chapel on Ardwall Isle, Kirkcudbright. Medieval Archaeology, 11, pp. 127–88.

THOMAS, C., 1971. The Early Christian Archaeology of North Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

THOMAS, C., 1973. Sculptured stones and crosses from St Ninian's Isle and Papil. In: A. SMALL, C. THOMAS and D.M. WILSON, eds, St Ninian's Isle and its Treasure. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 8–44.

THOMAS, C., 1992. Whithorn's Christian Beginnings. First Whithorn Lecture 19th September 1992. Whithorn: Friends of the Whithorn Trust.

THOMAS, C.(olleen), 2013. Missing models: visual narrative in the Insular Paul and Anthony panels. In: J. HAWKES, ed, Making Histories. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on International Art York 2011. Donington: Shaun Tyas, pp. 77–89. 

THOMSON, G., 2001. Research in inscriptional palaeography (RIP). Scottish tombstone lettering 1241–1855: methodology and preliminary analysis. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 131, pp. 349–373.

THOMSON, G., 2002. Script lettering on Scottish tombstones: origins and influences. Scottish Tradition, 27, pp. 115–125.

THOMSON, G., 2006. Tombstone lettering in Scotland and New England—an appreciation of a vernacular culture. Mortality, 11(1), pp. 1–30.

THOMSON, G., 2013a. Contextualisation and typology of disc-headed and trapezoidal gravemarker forms in Scotland. Scottish Archaeological Journal, 34–5 (2012–13), pp. 1–24.

THOMSON, L.J., 2000. Scottish market crosses: the development of a risk assessment model. Available at http://hdl.handle.net/10059/596. PhD edn. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University.

THOMSON, L.J., 2004. The Scottish Mercat Cross. An historic burgh icon. History Scotland, 4(6), pp. 25–34.

THOMSON, L.J. and URQUHART, D., 1999. Scottish market crosses: towards the development of a risk assessment model. In: M.S. JONES and R.D. WAKEFIELD, eds, Aspects of Stone Weathering, Decay and Conservation. Proceedings of the 1997 Stone Weathering and Atmospheric Pollution Network Conference (SWAPNET'97). London: Imperial College Press, pp. 138–146.

THURLEY, S., 2005. Into the future. Our strategy for 2005–2010. Available at https://content.historicengland.org.uk/images-books/publications/conservation-bulletin-49/cb4926-27.pdf/. Conservation Bulletin, 49, pp. 26–27.

TILDEN, F., 1957. Interpreting our Heritage: Principles and Practices for Visitor Services in Parks, Museums, and Historic Places. North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press.

TILLEY, C., 1994. A Phenomenology of Landscape Places, Paths and Monuments. Oxford: Berg.

TILLEY, C. and BENNETT, W., 2004. The Materiality of Stone. Explorations in Landscape Phenomenology: 1. Oxford & New York: Berg.

TRENCH-JELLICOE, R., 1997. Pictish and related harps. In: D. HENRY, ed, The Worm, the Germ and the Thorn. Pictish and Related Studies presented to Isabel Henderson. Balgavies: Pinkfoot Press, pp. 159–172.

TRENCH-JELLICOE, R., 2005. A richly decorated cross-slab from Kilduncan House, Fife: description and analysis. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 135, pp. 505–559.

V

Back to top

VAN HOEK, M., 1997. The distribution of cup-and-ring motifs along the Atlantic seaboard of Europe. Rock Art Research, 14(1), pp. 3–17.

W

Back to top

WAINWRIGHT, F.T., ed, 1955 (repr. 1980). The Problem of the Picts. Perth: Methven Press.

WALDERHAUG SAETERSDAL, E.M., 2000. Ethics, politics and practices in rock art conservation. Public Archaeology, 1, pp. 163–180.

WALKER, J.R., 1887. Scottish baptismal fonts. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 21 (1886–7), pp. 346–448.

WALLACE, T., 1911. Military roads and fortifications in the Highlands, with bridges and milestones. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 45 (1910–11), pp. 318–333.

WATTERS, A., 1998. Guide to Kirkcaldy Graveyards. Kirkcaldy: Kirkcaldy Civic Society.

WELANDER, R.D.E., BREEZE, D.J. and CLANCY, T.O., eds, 2003. The Stone of Destiny. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.

WELLS, G. and BISHOP, B., 2005. Researching Your Graveyard. Available at http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/researching-your-graveyard.pdf. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland. Research Report.

WHATLEY, C.A., 2000. Memorialising Burns: Dundee and Montrose compared. Available at http://www.gla.ac.uk/media/media_183298_en.pdf. Robert Burns: Inventing Tradition and Securing Memory, 1796-1909 project.

WHITWORTH, V., 2016 forthcoming. Bodystones and Guardian Beasts: The Recumbent Grave-Markers of Middle Britain c. 800–1100. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

WILL, R.S., FORSYTH, K., CLANCY, T.O. and CHARLES-EDWARDS, G., 2003. An eighth-century inscribed cross-slab in Dull, Perthshire. Scottish Archaeological Journal, 25(1), pp. 57–72.

WILLIAMS, H., KIRKTON, J. and GONDEK, M., eds, 2015a. Early Medieval Stone Monuments. Materiality, Biography, Landscape. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer. 

WILLIAMS, H., KIRKTON, J. and GONDEK, M., 2015b. Early medieval stone monuments: materiality, biography, landscape. In: H. WILLIAMS, J. KIRKTON and M. GONDEK, eds, Early Medieval Stone Monuments. Materiality, Biography, Landscape. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, pp. 1-34.

WILLIAMS-THORPE, O. and THORPE, R.S., 1993. Magnetic susceptibility used in non-destructive provenancing of Roman granite columns. Archaeometry, 35(2), pp. 185–195.

WILLSHER, B., 1985. Understanding Scottish Graveyards. 1st edn. Edinburgh: Canongate Press.

WILLSHER, B., nd. Manuscript MS 1030/1-MS 1030/27, National Record of the Historic Environment collections, formerly the National Monuments Record of Scotland. Unpublished field notes edn.

WILLSHER, B. and HUNTER, D., 1978. Stones: A Guide to Some Remarkable Eighteenth Century Gravestones. Edinburgh: Canongate.

WINTER, J., 1998. Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning: The Great War in European Cultural History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

WITHERS, C.W.J., 2001. Monuments: modern. In: M. LYNCH, ed, The Oxford Companion to Scottish History Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 428–428.

Y

Back to top

YATES, T., BUTLIN, R. and HOUSTON, J., 1999. Assessment Methodology Handbook. Carved Stone Decay in Scotland. Building Research Establishment commissioned by TCRE. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.

YEOMAN, P., 2005. Proposals for the re-display of the early medieval sculpture collection at Whithorn: the evolution of an interpretative approach. In: S.M. FOSTER and M. CROSS, eds, Able Minds and Practised Hands: Scotland's Early Medieval Sculpture in the 21st Century. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology/Maney, pp. 325–333.

YOUNG, J.R., 2003. Stonehouse Kirkyard: the Phoenix Project. Stonehouse: John R Young.

YOUNG, M.E., MURRAY, M. and CORDINER, P., 1999. Stone consolidants and chemical treatments in Scotland. Available at http://www2.rgu.ac.uk/schools/mcrg/miconsol.htm. Unpublished report for Historic Scotland edn.